Special emphasis should be placed this year in all that was said previously
in relation to the "just accounting" of Parshas Noach:
The reason for a special emphasis this year can be understood from the following.
My sainted father-in-law, the leader of our generation, has testified that
all aspects of our Divine Service have already been completed, including
the polishing of the buttons, and we stand ready ("stand all of you ready")
to receive our righteous Moshiach. Therefore, the goal of the "just accounting"
(emphasizing that a just accounting must be a true one) performed in these
days is the immediate need for the true and final Redemption to come in actual
Even though a person recognizes his own personal deficiencies that need
correction, this doesn't contradict, G-d Forbid, the testimony of the leader
of our generation that we have already completed the Divine Service and stand
ready to greet our righteous Moshiach This is because the Jewish people's
collective Divine Service over the course of the generations, required
during the time of exile to bring the complete Redemption (which depends
on our deeds and service during the entire period of exile")
has been concluded and perfected. There is absolutely no explanation
or reason for the delay of the Redemption. Therefore, even if an individual's
Divine service is lacking over the course of time that the Redemption has
been delayed, this is a personal matter that certainly needs to be
corrected and completed. But this does not diminish, G-d Forbid, the completion
and perfection of "our actions and service" of the Jewish people as a whole,
which stands ready for the Redemption. The very fact that the collective
has been perfected allows the individual to correct himself easier and with
joy, knowing that the true and complete Redemption is coming imminently.
And if the words said during the lifetime of my sainted father-in-law , the
leader of our generation, all the more so after many decades have passed,
more than forty years when "G-d gives you a heart to understand and eyes
to see and ears to hear."
This is even more true in this year - Hey, Tuf, Shin, Nun, Beis
- which is an acronym for (and follows and adds to that of the previous year,
Hey, Tuf, Shin, Nun, Aleph, a year in which I will show them wonders) "it
will be a year of wonders within it," and "miracles in everything," "inclusive
of everything." This [acronym] includes all aspects [of the
year will be wondrous]. Additionally, the letter Beis [meaning "in"] is a
preposition that can be used in conjunction with everything. This applies
primarily to the "wonders" of the true and final Redemption, "As in the days
of your going forth from Egypt I will show them wonders." Since
with absolute certainty all of the appointed times have passed, and we've
already done teshuvah, now it all depends on our righteous Moshiach
* * *
When we make a just accounting at the conclusion of the first week of Divine
service in the world for the year Hey, Tuf, Shin, Nun, Beis, "a year of wonders
in all," we come to the conclusion that it all depends on our righteous
Moshiach himself. This awareness expresses iteself in more conscientious
and enhanced way of reciting the prayer for the santification of the moon,
"for they are destined to be renewed like her," in the true
and complete Redemption through Dovid, the King Moshiach, Dovid, the king
of Israel, lives forever."
One should be careful and make an effort to recite the Sanctification of
the Moon while dressed in dignified and attractive garments, in the street
and "in a multitude of people [wherein] is the glory of the
King." This applies also in those places where people have
not been conscientious about this until now (because they lived among non-Jews
). One should also be careful in regard to the time
of the Sanctification of the Moon, since we find different customs about
this: three days after the Molad [New Moon], seven days after
the Molad, and the evening after Shabbos [Saturday
night], "If the night after Shabbos is before the tenth of
the month... but if it is afterwards one should not wait until after Shabbos,
because there might be two, three or four cloudy nights and the moon won't
be seen and the time will pass." This applies specifically
in those countries where the sky is covered with clouds, particularly in
winter time. Each place should follow its custom and according
to its situation. In places where there is a question or doubt, one should
act according to the instructions of the rabbinic authority of that place.
Further, and this is the main point, the Sanctification of the Moon should
be performed with the specific intention to speed and hasten and actualize
the immediate arrival of Dovid King Moshiach, through an increased appeal
and entreaty for the Redemption, as expressed in the conclusion of the
Sanctification of the Moon: "And they will seek the L-rd their G-d
and Dovid their King, Amen."
(From the talk of Shabbos Parshas Noach, 4 MarCheshvan 5752)
1. [The term "Cheshbon Tzedek," here translated at "just accounting,"
refers to the process of self-analysis and self-judgment incumbent upon every
Jew (indeed, every human being). It is the "taking stock" of where one stands
spiritually and honestly assessing one's faults and deficiencies, with the
intent of improving and correcting them. This analysis takes place, on different
levels, at regular intervals, i.e., once a day (before retiring), once a
week (Shabbos), once a month (Rosh Chodesh), once a year (Yom Kippur). In
the full text of the sicha, the Rebbe discusses the significance of Parshas
Noach as the first full week of the post-Holiday season. Accordingly, this
is the time for an honest self-appraisal and correction of all that needs
correction in a manner that is consistent with the rest and joy that is
characterized by Noach. In this excerpt, the Rebbe speaks of the special
self-appraisal that has to be made because of the uniqueness of this year.
2. Tanya, beginning of chapter 37.
3. Tavo, 29:3.
4. [Each Hebrew letter has a numeric equivalent, which can be used to
designate the years. The year 5752, in which this talk was delivered, can
be rendered alphabetically with the letters enumerated above. Translator's
5. "In all, for all, all" - see See Bava Basra 15b at the end and
ff. [The three phrases have the numerical value of the word kabetz - gather.
See Chiddushe Chasam Sofer there. Translator's note.]
6. Michah 7:15.
7. The text of the blessing of the Sanctification of the Moon
8. Rosh Hashanah 25a.
9. The details of the laws of the Sanctification of the Moon - see Tur
Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chayim, section 427, and in the commentaries
10. See Magen Avraham there, 14.
11. See Turei Zahav there, section 3.
12. Shulchan Aruch there, par. 4. And in the Prayer Book of the Alter
Rebbe, "according to the Kabbalah the Sanctification of the Moon is not recited
until seven days after the Molad" (and see at length the glosses of the Rebbe
Rashab (in the Prayer Book Torah Or 242:1-2. And in the Siddur im Dach
(Siddur with Chassidic discourses) 321:1-2). Shaar HaKolel chapter
33, section 2. And see there for further cross references.)
13. Shulchan Aruch there, par. 2.
14. Remo there.
15. See the glosses of the Rebbe Rashab and Shaar HaKolel there, that
for this reason the Tzemach Tzedek was not particular (in winter time) to
wait until after seven days. But obviously it's different for those dwelling
in countries where (many of the) winter months are not cloudy.